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Xildhibaanad Layla Moran, ayaa sii laba jibaareysa dadaalka loogu jiro aqoonsiga rasmiga ah ee UK aqoonsato qaranimada Falastiin

Sharci la soo jeediyay oo loo arki kara in UK ugu dambeyntii aqoonsato dowlad madax bannaan oo Falastiin ah ayaa waxaa dabada ka riixeysa xildhibaanada Lib Dem Layla Moran.

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Layla Moran waxay sheegtay inay aaminsan tahay in la joogo waqtigii ay dawladda UK aqoonsan lahayd dawlad falastiiniyiin ah [Getty/archive]

Xildhibaanad Layla Moran oo ka tirsan baarlamaanka Britain ayaa u ol’oleysa in dowladda UK ay ugu dambeyntii aqoonsato dowlad Falastiiniyiin ah iyadoo hindise sharciyeedka la qorsheeyay in baarlamaanka laga doodo todobaadkan.

Akhrinta labaad ee hindise sharciyeedka xubnaha gaarka ah ayaa ka dhici doona aqalka baarlamaanka jimcaha hadii waqtigu u saamaxo, siyaasiga Falastiiniyiinta iyo Ingiriiska ayaa u sheegay wakaalada wararka ee The New Arab, isagoo rajeynaya inuu hindisahan u soo dhawaado inuu noqdo sharci.

Hindise sharciyeedka uu soo bandhigay xildhibaanka Liberal Democrats, oo sidoo kale ah afhayeenka xisbiga ee arrimaha dibadda iyo horumarinta caalamiga ah, ayaa raadin doona in Falastiin loo aqoonsado “dawlad madax-bannaan”, oo ku salaysan xuduudaha ka hor 1967.

Xildhibaanad Layla waxa kale oo ay doonaysaa inay aragto hawl-galka Falastiiniyiinta ee London oo lagu beddelo safaarad, lana siiyo maqaam diblomaasiyadeed oo dhammaystiran.

“Waa sharaf – in iyadoo ah xildhibaankii ugu horreeyay ee UK iyo Falastiini ah – inaan awood u yeesho inaan keeno sharciga aqoonsiga Falastiin si looga doodo,” Layla Moran, oo hooyadeedu ay tahay Masiixi Falastiini ah oo reer Jerusalem ah, ayaa u sheegtay The New Arab ka hor doodda Jimcaha.

Inkasta oo ay dawladdu arrintaas ka gaabisay, haddana waxa muuqata in baarlamaanka UK ay taageersan yihiin tallaabadan oo kale. Sannadkii 2014-kii, mudanayaashu waxay si aqlabiyad ah ugu codeeyeen in Falastiin loo aqoonsado dawlad ahaan, mooshin aan sharci ahayn.

Hindise-sharciyeedka Jimcaha haddii uu dhaafo akhrinta labaad, waxa uu u gudbi doonaa guddiga oo ka warbixin doona marxaladaha uu soo maray akhrinta saddexaad ka hor, markaas oo uu u gudbi doono Aqalka Sare ka dibna la siin doono ogolaanshaha boqortooyada.

Layla Moran waxay aaminsan tahay in iyadoo Israa’iilli ah ay ku adkaysanayso sii wadida deegaamaynta sharci darrada ah ee Daanta Galbeed ee la haysto iyo Bariga Quddus – dhulkaas oo muddo dheer loo aqoonsaday meesha oo mustaqbalka laga dhisi doono dawlad falastiiniyiin ah – iyo daandaansi kale oo ay waddo dawladdeeda midigta fog, hadda waa xilligii UK ay u aqoonsato Dawladda Falastiin.

“Waxaan u maleynayaa in xukuumadda garabka midig ee Israa’iil ee aan hadda aragno, sida ay si bareer ah u ixtiraamayaan sharciga caalamiga ah iyagoo si firfircoon isugu dayaysa inay ballaariyaan degsiimooyinka sharci darrada ah, in la joogo waqtigii ay dawladda UK si fiican u gudan lahayd waajibaadkeeda taariikhiga ah ee dadka Falastiiniyiinta ah” ayay tiri Layla Moran.

Layla Moran waxa kale oo ay ammaantay adkeysiga dadka Falastiiniyiinta ah ee ku hoos nool gumaysiga Israa’iil, iyo sidoo kale qurba-joogta Falastiiniyiinta oo ilaashaday “jirkooda, aqoonsigooda iyo sababta aayo-ka-tashigooda” iyaga oo ku jira xaaladaha colaadeed ee noocaas ah.

“Waxaan rumaysanahay in la joogo waqtigii ay dawladda Ingiriisku nagu caawin lahayd inaan tan samayno,” ayay tirri Layla Moran.

Layla Moran waxa ay sheegtay in ay ka shaqayn doonto sidii ay ku qancin lahayd mudanayaasha kale in ay taageeraan sharciga oo ay arkaan in dawlad Falastiiniyiin ah ay ugu dambayntii la aqoonsan yahay.

Falastiiniyiinta ku nool UK ayaa muddo dheer ugu baaqayay dawladooda inay aqoonsato dawlad Falastiin ah, gaar ahaan doorkii uu waddanku ku lahaa Baaqii Balfour ee 1917 iyo hormoodka ilaa Nakba 1948.

Markii Israa’iil la abuuray ka dib markii uu dhammaaday xukunkii gumaystaha Ingiriiska ee Falastiin, boqolaal kun oo Falastiiniyiin ah ayaa laga saaray guryahoodii ay ku noolaayeen maleeshiyaadka Sahyuuniyadda.

Dhibaatada Falastiiniyiinta ayaa sii socotay muddo tobanaan sano ah.

Cadaadiska lagu hayo Falastiiniyiinta ayaa sii xoogaystay ka dib doorashadii Nofeember ee la soo dhaafay ee dawlad cusub oo Israa’iil ah oo midigta xagjirka ah oo ay ku jiraan wasiirro ay ka mid yihiin Itamar Ben-Gvir iyo Bezalal Smotrich oo caan ku ah hadallo cunsuri ah iyo xiriir dhow oo lala yeesho dhaqdhaqaaqa dejinta.

Ugu yaraan 84 falastiiniyiin ah ayay ciidamada Israa’iil ku dileen tan iyo bilowgii sanadkan duqeymo maalinle ah oo ay ka fulinayeen Daanta Galbeed ee la haysto, oo ay ku jiraan carruur.

Ka saarida khasabka ah iyo burburinta guryaha ayaa sidoo kale nolol maalmeed u ah falastiiniyiinta ku hoos nool gumeysiga Israa’iil. Iyadoo dhammaan dhaqanadaasi ay jiraan haddana waxaa ku taageersan mid kamid ah dowladaha dowladda Soomaaliya ugu sheekeyo inay yihiin janaddii dunida ee loo soo diray – Mareykanka.

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Xafiiska Falanqeynta ee Diblomaasi.com waa xafiiska u qaabilsan dabagalka wararka, baarista qotoda dheer, xaqiiqo raadin, iyo ka warbixinta arrimaha danta guud, soo bandhigida xogta qarsoon ama daahsoon sida musuq maasuqa ama arrimo laga yaabo in aan si kale loo ogaan. Xafiiska Falanqeynta ee Diblomaasi.com wuxuu door muhiim ah ka ciyaaraa la xisaabtanka dawladda, ganacsatada iyo shakhsiyaadka iyaga oo xafiiskan soo bandhigaya sheekooyin muhiim ah oo saamayn ku yeelan kara bulshada. Ujeedada waa abuurista xaddaarad cusub.

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Madaxweynihii hore ee Koonfur Afrika ayaa laga mamnuucay doorashada ‘masuqmaasuq awgeed’

Maxkamadda Dastuuriga ah ayaa xukuntay Jacob Zuma, kaddib markii lagu helay dambi ah inuu galay dambiyo uu galay sannadkii 2021-kii.

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Maxkamadda dastuuriga ah ee Koonfur Afrika ayaa Isniintii ka mamnuucday madaxweynihii hore ee Jacob Zuma inuu u tartamo xubinnimada baarlamaanka qaranka doorashada la qorsheeyay toddobaadka soo socda, iyadoo sabab uga dhigtay xukun hore.

Jacob Zuma ayaa lagu xukumay 15 bilood oo xarig ah sanadka 2021-ka, kadib markii lagu helay inuu diiday inuu tago maxkamad ay amartay maxkamadda taasoo baaritaan ku sameysay musuq maasuq nidaamsan oo ka dhacay hay’adaha dowladda intii u dhaxeysay 2009 iyo 2018.

Waxa uu shaqeynayay laba bilood oo keliya waxaana lagu sii daayay ‘cafis gaar ah’ oo uu sameeyay madaxweyne Cyril Ramaphosa, kaas oo siideeyay kumannaan maxaabiis ah oo aan rabshado ahayn, ujeeddaduna ahayd in la yareeyo welwelka buuxdhaafka ah ee xabsiyada.

“Waxaa lagu dhawaaqay in Jacob Zuma lagu helay dambi ah ‘masuqmaasuaq’ laguna xukumay in ka badan 12 bilood oo xarig ah.

Jacob Zuma ayaa u adeegsaday sirdoonka Koonfur Afrika si uu u qariyo musuqmaasuqa lagu eedeeyay xulafadiisa iyo qoyska ganacsiga Gupta, sida lagu sheegay warbixintii ugu dambeysay ee baaritaankii garsoorka ee fadeexadii ugu weyneyd ee xilligii midab takoorka kadib.

Shacabka Koonfur Afrika ayaa 29-ka bishan u codeyn doona baarlamaanka cusub, kaasoo markaasi dooran doona madaxweyne hal bil kaddib.

Bishii hore, Jacob Zuma oo 82 jir ah, ayaa si rasmi ah u noqday hoggaamiyaha uMkhonto we Sizwe (MK), oo ah xisbi cusub oo mucaarad ah oo uu ku biiray sannadkii hore ka dib markii uu ka goostay xisbiga talada haya ee African National Congress (ANC) – xisbigii ka caawiyay inuu ku guuleysto laba doorasho oo madaxtinimo.

Arrintan ayaa timid ka dib markii maxkamadda doorashada Koonfur Afrika ay laashay go’aan uu hore u gaaray guddiga madaxa banaan ee doorashooyinka (IEC) bishii Maarso kaas oo Jacob Zuma ka hor istaagay in uu noqdo musharrax sababo la xiriira dambiga lagu helay.

Sida uu dhigayo sharciga Koonfur Afrika, dadka lagu helo dambiga laguna xukumay in ka badan hal sano oo xarig ah iyada oo aan la siinin fursad ganaax ah, ma awoodaan inay u tartamaan xilka.

Markii ay meesha ka saartay diidmada doorashada, maxkamadda doorashada waxay xukuntay in qaybta ay khusayso ee dastuurka kaliya lagu dabaqo dadka xaqa u leh inay racfaan ka qaataan xukunkooda, taas oo aan ahayn kiiska Jacob Zuma.

IEC waxay rafcaan u gudbisay Maxkamadda Dastuuriga dabayaaqadii bishii Abriil ee sanadkaan.

“Imika arrintii maxkamadda sare ay soo af-jartay, isla markaana la ogaaday in khaladaadkii dastuuriga ahaa la caddeeyey, Komishanku waxa uu sii wadi karaa diyaar-garowgii u dambeeyay ee doorashooyinka xorta iyo xalaasha ah ee 2024-ka, iyada oo aan laga cabsi qabin in doorashadu dhacdo, waxay u nugul yihiin in loola tartamo,” IEC ayaa bayaan ay soo saartay ku sheegtay xukunka ka dib.

Sihle Ngubane, oo ah xoghayaha guud ee xisbiga Jacob Zuma ee MK, ayaa sheegay in isbahaysigu “ay ka xun yihiin xukunka,” isaga oo intaa ku daray in “Madaxweyne Jacob Zuma” lagu sii hayn doono codbixinta.

“Tani [xukunka maxkamadda] waa inuu farriin u diraa dhammaan Taliyeyaasha UMkhonto Wesizwe, inay tiro ahaan u soo baxaan oo ay u codeeyaan MK 29-ka Maay 2024 si aan wax uga beddelno dastuurka,” ayuu xisbigu ku qoray X (hore Twitter-ka).

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Madaxweynaha Iiraan ayaa la xaqiijiyay inuu ku dhintay shil diyaaradeed

Ibrahim Ra’iisi, oo 63 jir ah, ayaa loo doortay madaxweynaha Iiraan 2021, ka dib muddo tobanaan sano ah oo uu ka soo shaqeeyay garsoorka.

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Warbaahinta Iiraan ayaa ku dhawaaqay in madaxweynaha Iiraan Ibrahim Ra’iisi iyo wasiirkiisii arrimaha dibadda iyo saraakiil la socotay ay dhammaan ku dhinteen, shil diyaarad hellikobter ah oo xalay ka dhacay buuralleyda u dhaxeysa gobolka Bariga Azerbaijan ee dalka Iiraan.

Saraakiil ka tirsan Iiraan oo ka gaabsaday in magacooda lasoo xigto, ayaa wakaaladda wararka ee Reuters u xaqiijiyay geerida madaxweyne Ibrahim Ra’iisi iyo madaxdi kale ee Dowladda Iiraan ee la saarnaa diyaaradda hellikobterka ah.

“Madaxweyne Ibrahim Ra’iisi, wasiirka arrimaha dibadda iyo dhammaan rakaabki la socday kulligood waxay ku dhinteen shilka” ayuu yirri sarkaalka la hadlay Reuters, ee codsaday in aanan la magac-dhabin sababo la xiriira warkaan oo ah mid xasaasi ah.

Wakaaladda wararka Iiraan ee Mehr ayaa sidoo kale xaqiijisay dhimashada madaxweynaha, iyada oo qortay sidan “dhammaan rakaabki la socday hellikobterti wadday madaxeynaha Iiraan iyo wasiirki arrimaha dibadda waa ay shahiideen”.

Goor sii horreysay oo saakay ah, warbaahinta dowladda Iiraan ayaa sheegay in diyaaraddi ay la socdeen madaxweynaha iyo wasiirka arrimaha dibadda Hossein Amirabdollahian ay gabi ahaanba gubatay kaddib marki ay ku dul dhacday dhulka buuraleyda ah.

Telafishanka qaranka Iiraan ayaa isna soo daayay sawirro muujinaya burburka iyo gubashada diyaaradda, isaga oo ku warramay in diyaaradda hellikobterka aheyd ay ku dhacday cirifka ugu sarreysa ee mid ka mid ah buuraha ay kusoo dul dhacday.

Wakaaladda wararka Iiraan ee IRNA ayaa sheegtay in Ra’iisi uu la socday diyaarad nuuca qummaatiga u kacda ah oo lagu sameeyay Mareykanka, nooceeduna ahaa Bell 212 helicopter.

Warbaahinta dowladda ayaa ku warantay in samatabbixiyeyaashu aysan “wax calaamad nolosha ah ka helin” burburka diyaaradii helikobterka ah ee samaysay “shil Axaddii. Kooxaha baadigoobka iyo samatabbixinta ee goobta la geeyay ayaa saacado ku qaatay inay gaaraan goobta shilku ka dhacay, waxaana daahiyay ceeryaamo badan iyo cimilo xumo.

Ibrahim Ra’iisi, oo ahaa 63 jir ayaa xilka madaxtinimada Iiraan loo doortay sannadki 2021-ki, isla marki la dhaariyay wuxuu adkeeyay qawaaniinta anshaxa isaga oo kor kala socday olole dadka looga reebayay munkarka, kaas oo sababay bannaanbaxyo looga soo horjeestay dowladda.

Sannadkii 2021, markii Raisi wax laga waydiiyay ku lug lahaanshaha lagu eedeeyay dil wadareedkii 1988-kii intii lagu jiray shirkiisa jaraa’id ee ugu horreeyay isagoo ah madaxwaynihii la doortay, wuxuu isku tilmaamay inuu yahay “difaacaha xuquuqda aadanaha.”

Sannadkii 2017-kii, waxa uu ku guuldarreystay doorashadii madaxtinimada ee uu ku guuleystay Xasan Ruuxaani, oo loo doortay mar labaad codad aad u ballaaran. Xasan Ruuxaani, oo ku socday ballan-qaad uu ku dhimayo go’doominta diblomaasiyadeed iyo dhaqaale ee Iiraan, ayaa waxaa sannadkan Iiraan ka mamnuucday inuu u tartamo Golaha Khubarada, kaas oo magacaabaya oo xilka ka qaadi kara hoggaamiyaha ugu sarreeya, Reuters ayaa werisay.

2021, Xoghayaha Guud ee Amnesty International Agnès Callamard ayaa ku booriyay in la baaro Raisi eedeymaha “dambiyada ka dhanka ah bini’aadanimada” markii uu ahaa madaxa garsoorka.

Sannadkii 2022, xafiiska xuquuqul insaanka ee Qaramada Midoobay ayaa furay baaritaan ku saabsan caburinta rabshadaha wata ee lagu sameeyay mudaaharaadayaasha oo waddooyinka isugu soo baxay ka dib dilkii Amini. Waxay dhimatay ka dib markii booliska anshaxa ay xireen iyada oo lagu eedeeyay in aysan si sax ah u qaadan xijaabkeeda oo ay u hoggaansami weyday nidaamka labiska.

Qaramada Midoobay ayaa sheegtay bishii Maarso in guddi xaqiiqo raadin ah ay Iiraan ku heshay mas’uuliyadda “rabshaddii jireed” ee lagu dilay Amini, inkastoo saraakiisha Iiraan ay si kale u sheegeen.

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Madaxweyne Putin oo ka digay dagaal caalami ah xilli uu heegan geliyey ciidamada Nukliyeerka

Hoggaamiyaha Ruushka ayaa marar badan ka hadlay sida uu diyaarka ugu yahay adeegsiga hubka Nukliyeerka tan iyo markii uu duullaan ballaaran ku qaaday dalka Yukrayn.

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Madaxweyne Vladimir Putin

Madaxweyne Vladimir Putin ayaa Arbacadii sheegay in Ruushku uu diyaar u yahay inuu isticmaalo hubka nukliyeerka haddii madax-bannaanidiisa la halis galiyo, isagoo digniin kale oo aan leexleexad lahayn u soo jeediyay reer galbeedka maalmo ka hor doorashada dalkaas.

Hoggaamiyaha Ruushka ayaa marar badan ka hadlay sida uu diyaarka ugu yahay adeegsiga hubka Nukliyeerka tan iyo markii uu duullaan ballaaran ku qaaday dalka Yukrayn 24-kii Feberaayo, 2022. Khatartii ugu dambeysay ee noocaan ah ayaa ku soo beegantay khudbadii uu ka jeediyay xaaladda dalka bishii hore, markaasoo uu waxa ay uga digtay reer galbeedka in ku lug lahaanshaha ay ku leeyihiin dagaalka Yukrayn ay halis ugu jirto dagaal nukliyeer ah.

Mar wax laga weydiiyay wareysi uu siiyay telefishinka dowladda Ruushka oo la sii daayay horraantii Arbacada haddii uu weligii ku fikiray adeegsiga hubka nukliyeerka ee Yukrayn, madaxweyne Putin wuxuu ku jawaabay inaan loo baahnayn arrintaas. Waxa uu sidoo kale xusay in uusan u maleyneynin in dunidu ay u socoto dagaal nukliyeer ah, isaga oo ku tilmaamay madaxweynaha Mareykanka Joe Biden inuu yahay siyaasi ruug-caddaa ah oo si buuxda u fahmay khatarta suurtagalka ah ee sii kordheysa.

Madaxweyne Vladimir Putin ayaa ka digay in ciidamadiisa Nukliyeerka ay “mar walba” heegan ku jiraan, isla markaana Ruushka aanu u dulqaadan doonin halis kasta oo kaga timaada Reer Galbeedka.

Khudbad dhiifoonaan ah oo uu ka jeediyey Fagaaraha Cas ayada oo ay dhageysanayaan kumanaan askari, ayuu Putin ku ammaanay ciidamadiisa ka dagaalamaya Yukrayn, waxa uuna ku eedeeyay “Hal-doorka Reer Galbeedka” in ay hurinayaan colaadaha adduunka.

“Ruushka waxa ay sameyn doontaa wax walba oo ay uga hortageyso dagaal caalami ah, hase yeeshee isla markaana cidna kama ogolaan doonno inay na handado. Ciidamadeena xeeladda mar walba waxay ku jiraan heegan,” ayuu yiri Putin oo ka hadlayay dhoolatuska Maalinta Guusha.

“Saaxiibayaal qaali ah, Ruushku hadda waxa uu marayaa xaalad adag oo muhiim ah. Masiirka dalka hooyo, mustaqbalkeedu waxa uu ku xiran yahay qof kasta oo naga mid ah,” ayuu yiri.

Munaasabadda 9-ka Maay ayaa lagu xusaa guushii ay Midowga Sofiyeet kaga adkaadeen Naaziyiintii Jarmalka ee Dagaalkii Labaad ee Adduunka, waxayna noqotay maalinta ugu muhiimsan munaasabadaha dadweyne ee Ruushka, ayada oo Putin uu dalkiisa cagta u saaray dagaal.

Madaxweynaha Ruushka ayaa marar badan u qaabeeyay dagaalka hadda lagula jiro Yukran inuu yahay dagaal jiritaan oo ka dhan ah “Naazimada”.

Putin ayaa sidoo kale kor u qaaday hadaladiisa nukliyeerka. Horaantii todobaadkan, wuxuu amar ku bixiyay in militariga Ruushka ay qabtaan dhoolatusyada hubka nukliyeerka oo ay ku lug leeyihiin ciidamada badda iyo ciidamada saldhigoodu yahay meel u dhow Yukrayn.

Sannadkii hore Ruushku waxa uu meesha ka saaray ansixinta heshiiska mamnuucidda tijaabada Nukliyeerka ee dhammaystiran, waxana uu ka baxay heshiis muhiim ah oo lagu dhimayo hubka oo kala dhaxeeyey Maraykanka.

Faallooyinka Putin waxay u muuqdeen fariin ku socota Galbeedka inuu diyaar u yahay inuu isticmaalo wax kasta oo uu ku ilaalinayo guulihiisa Yukrayn. Waxa uu sheegay in iyada oo la raacayo caqiidada amniga ee waddanka, Moscow ay diyaar u tahay in ay isticmaasho hubka nukliyeerka haddii ay khatar ku tahay “jiritaanka dawladda Ruushka iyo madax-bannaanidayada.”

“Dhammaan waxa ku qoran istiraatijiyadayada, ma aanan bedelin,” ayuu yirri.

Isaga oo tixraacaya xulafada NATO ee taageera dowladda Yukrayn, wuxuu sidoo kale ku dhawaaqay in “dalalka sheegaya inaysan lahayn khad cas oo ku saabsan Ruushka waa inay ogaadaan in Ruushku uusan yeelan doonin wax khad cas ah oo iyaga ku saabsan.”

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Dalka Chad oo dooranaya madaxweyne ka dib saddex sano oo xukun milatari ah

Hogaamiyaha ku meel gaarka ah ee Chad, oo u tartamaya xilka, ayaa xukunka la wareegay ka dib markii fallaagada ay dileen aabihiis oo mudada dheer xukumayay.

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Cod-bixiyayaasha safka ugu jira inay helaan waraaqaha codbixinta ee goobta codbixinta ee dugsi ku yaal degmada Abena, Bureau 2 Carré 27, ee N'Djamena Maay 6, 2024 inta lagu guda jiro doorashada madaxweynaha Chad. © Joris Bolomey / AFP

Dadka reer Chad ayaa u codeynaya in ay doortaan madaxweyne si uu dalka ugu wareejiyo xukun rayid ah. Talaabadan la qaaday ayaa ka dhigaysa dalka ku yaala bartamaha Afrika doorashadii ugu horeysay ee ka dhacda gobolka tan iyo markii ay dalkaasi ka dhaceen afgambiyo dhowr ah oo dhawaanahan dhacay.

In ka badan 8 milyan oo qof oo ka mid ah dadweynaha Chad oo ku dhow 18 milyan ayaa isu diiwaangeliyay inay codeeyaan. Waxay kala dooran doonaan toban musharax oo uu ku jiro hogaamiyaha ku meel gaarka ah Mahamat Idriss Deby Itno, oo sidoo kale loo yaqaan Mahamat Kaka.

Mahamat Kaka waxa uu xukunka la wareegay 2021 markii aabihiis oo muddada dheer xukumayay, Idriss Deby Itno, la dilay isagoo la dagaallamaya fallaagada. Waxa uu markii hore ballan qaaday in uu doorasho ku qaban doono 18 bilood gudahood. Si kastaba ha ahaatee, sanadka 2022, taliska militariga ayaa ku kordhiyay waqtiga kama dambaysta ah laba sano, ilaa Oktoobar 2024, taasoo dhalisay mudaaharaadyo ay ku dhinteen in ka badan 100 qof oo rayid ah.

Gumeysigii hore ee Faransiiska ayaa ansixiyay dastuur cusub ka dib aftidii bishii Diseember ee la soo dhaafay, taasoo u ogolaaneysa Mahamat Kaka inuu u tartamo madaxweyne. Waxa uu ku dhawaaqay musharaxnimadiisa bishii Maarso ka dib markii ay isbahaysi ka kooban 221 xisbi iyo ururo ay ku taageereen musharaxnimadiisa. Waxa uu ballan qaaday in uu horumarin doono cadaalad, sinnaan, iyo maamul wax ku ool ah oo lagu horumarinayo dalka Chad.

“Maanta waxaan xoojinayaa ballan-qaadkii afaraad kaasoo ahaa in aan dhamaystirno geeddi-socodkii kala-guurka ahaa ee dalkeena ka billowday saddex sano ka hor. Hadda waxay ku xiran tahay dadka inay si weyn u codeeyaan si ay u doortaan madaxweynahooda, “ayuu hogaamiyaha ku-meel-gaarka ah ku yiri qoraal uu soo dhigay Facebook ka dib markii ay codeeyeen Isniintii.

Ku dhawaaqistiisa musharaxnimadiisa ayaa timid maalmo uun ka dib markii loo malaynayo in uu ka soo horjeeday, Yaya Dillo, oo ah hoggaamiyaha xisbiga mucaaradka ah ee Socialist Party Without Borders (PSF), lagu toogtay laguna dilay caasimadda Chad, N’Djamena. Dawladdu waxay ku eedaysay Dillo, oo sidoo kale ahaa Mahamat Kaka ina-adeerkii, inuu fuliyay weerar hubaysan oo lagu hoobtay oo lagu qaaday Hay’adda Nabadsugidda Qaranka. Xisbigiisa ayaa beeniyay eedeymaha loo soo jeediyay, isagoo ku andacoonaya in loo dilay si looga hortago inuu u tartamo doorashada bisha Maay.

Falanqeeyayaasha ay soo xigatay wakaaladda wararka ee Reuters ayaa rumeysan in doorashada isniinta ay noqon doonto dagaal u dhaxeeya Success Masra, oo ah ra’iisul wasaaraha dalka aan bad lahayn iyo Mahamat Kaka.

Masra, oo ahaa hogaamiyihii hore ee mucaaradka, ayaa musaafuris aaday ka dib mudaaharaadyo looga soo horjeeday nidaamkii militariga bishii Oktoobar 2022, oo ay ka dhasheen go’aanka dowladda ee lagu kordhiyay xilliga kala guurka ah laba sano. Waxa uu Chad ku laabtay Noofambar ee la soo dhaafay ka dib heshiis dib u heshiisiin ah oo uu la galay dowladda waxaana kaliya loo magacaabay ra’iisul wasaaraha Janaayo.

Sabtidii oo ahayd maalintii ugu dambaysay ee ololaha, Masra ayaa ballan qaaday in ay shaqo la’aanta dhallinyarada wax ka qaban doonto qorshe shan sano ah oo shaqo abuur loogu samayn doono 200,000 oo qof.

Natiijada codbixinta ayaa la filayaa 21-ka Maay, iyadoo wareeg labaad la qaban doono bisha Juun haddii loo baahdo, sida uu sheegay guddiga doorashada Chad.

Doorashada ayaa timid ka dib markii Mareykanka uu ku dhawaaqay inuu si ku meel gaar ah uga baxayo ugu yaraan qaar ka mid ah ciidamada Chad bishii hore, markii maamulka militariga uu amar ku bixiyay in ciidamada Mareykanka ay joojiyaan dhaq-dhaqaaqa saldhiga hawada. Wadanku, si kastaba ha ahaatee, waxa uu ahaa saaxiibkii ugu dambeeyay ee gumaystihii hore ee Faransiiska ee Sahel ka dib markii Mali, Burkina Faso, iyo Niger ay xidhiidhka u jareen Paris ka dib afgambi.

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Kenya oo markii ugu horeysay haweeney u magacawday taliyaha ciidamada cirka

Dalacsiintan ayaa daba socota geeridii taliyihii militariga ee dalka iyo saraakiil kale oo ku dhintay shil diyaaradeed bishii hore.

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Madaxweynaha Kenya William Ruto ayaa Khamiistii u magacaabay Major Jeneral Fatuma Axmed inay noqoto taliyaha ciidamada cirka, taasoo ka dhigeysa haweeneydii ugu horeysay ee hogaamisa laan militari oo sarre oo ka tirsan ciidamada Kenya.

Ku dhawaaqista ayaa daba socota shil diyaaradeed oo dhacay bishii hore kaas oo galaaftay nolosha taliyihii ciidamada difaaca Jeneral Francis Ogolla iyo sagaal sarkaal oo kale. Saraakiisha cusub ee la magacaabay ayaa waxaa sidoo kale ka mid ah Jeneral Charles Muriu Kahariri, oo hadda hogaaminaya Militariga Kenya.

“Magacaabista Sarreeye Gaas Faaduma Gaiti waxay taariikhda ku galaysaa inay tahay tii ugu horreysay ee abid la sameeyo, iyadoo noqonaysa haweeneydii ugu horreysay ee hoggaanka u haysa adeeg kasta oo ka tirsan ciidamada qalabka sida,” ayaa lagu yiri war-saxaafadeed ka soo baxay wasaaradda jinsiga ee Kenya, dhaqanka, fanka iyo hidaha ayaa sheegtay.

“Tani waa guul weyn oo u soo hoyatay haweenka Kenya, waxayna dhiirigelin weyn u tahay haweenka iyo gabdhaha da’da yar ee doonaya jagooyin isku mid ah,” ayay wasaaraddu ku dartay.

Taliyihii geeriyooday ee ciidamada difaaca Kenya Jeneral Francis Ogolla , oo ahaa 61 jir, waxa uu xilka hayay hal sano. Waxa uu hogaaminayay ciidamada cirka Kenya ka hor inta uusan noqon taliye ku xigeenka ciidamada militariga, waxaana bishii Abriil ee sanadkii hore uu madaxaweyne William Ruto u dalacsiiyay madaxa ciidamada cirka.

Sida laga soo xigtay Wasaaradda Difaaca Kenya, waxa uu Ciidanka Difaaca galay 1984-kii, waxa uuna tababar dhanka Duuliyenimo ah la qaatay Ciidanka Cirka ee Mareykanka, ka hor inta uusan macalin ka noqon Ciidanka Cirka ee Kenya (KAF).

Sannadkii 1983-kii, Faadumo Axmed waxa ay shaqadeeda ciidan bilowday iyada oo ku biirtay Kooxda Adeegga Haweenka, kuwaas oo si gaar ah uga hawlgala qaybaha kale ee ciidanka, iyada oo xoogga saaraysay doorarka taageerada sida maamulka, saadka, daryeelka caafimaadka, iyo xidhiidhka. Qeybtan ayaa la kala diray 1999-kii, taasoo keentay in haweenku ay ka mid noqdaan ciidamada badda, cirka iyo ciidamada.

Sannadkii 2018-kii, iyada oo loo dalacsiiyay darajada guud ee Jeneral-ka, madaxwaynihii xilligaasi Uhuru Kenyatta waxa uu sheegay in uu rajaynayo in ay u adeegto si “ku dayasho wanaagsan,” isaga oo ku booriyay in ay “u caddayso in aanay jirin wax xad ah oo haweenka ah.”

2023, madaxweyne William Ruto waxa uu u magacaabay Maj Jeneral Faadumo Axmed inay noqoto agaasimaha sare ee shaqaalaha hawada.

Magacaabista haweenka ee xilalka sare ee milatariga ayaa ah mid aan caadi ka ahayn guud ahaan qaaradda Afrika. Bishii Sebteembar ee la soo dhaafay dalka Gabon, Jeneral Brigitte Onganoa ayaa taariikhda gashay kadib markii ay noqotay haweeneydii ugu horeysay ee qabata jagada wasiirka gaashaandhigga.

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